Consultation and Social Participation in the Elaboration of the National Development Plan

The Consultation and Social Participation in the Elaboration of the National Development Plan is carried out every six years to take into consideration the ideas, proposals and concerns of the population. By mandate of the Planning Law, popular consultation forums should involve worker?s organizations, peasants, towns and popular groups; academic, professional and research institutions; business organizations and other social groups; deputies and senators; and indigenous communities. The participation procedures enabled for the Consultation Plan of 2013-2018 were: public consultation through the Internet, physical and electronic citizen proposals, consultation forums and sectorial tables.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

embedded in the constitution/legislation 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
citizens civil society  
democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation

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Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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