The initial innovative institutional designs in Argentina date back to the 1990s and the 2000s when various mechanisms started to involve citizens in the projection and decision-making of policies related to housing, food, health, social assistance, and access to basic rights. In the context of increasing unemployment, poverty and marginalization of certain social sectors, which culminated in the political-institutional crisis of 2001, society sought new forms of interaction by fostering horizontal ties and inaugurating various self-managed and non-institutionalized assemblies and participatory spaces.
On the other hand, at the state level, since the 1994 constitutional reform, there have been several mechanisms of direct democracy recognized constitutionally. Its institutional designs have shown replicas in the provincial constitutions, which in the Argentine federal system have a broad range of powers. The most consolidated example is the Participatory Budget, implemented in numerous municipalities and with an institutional framework recognized through local ordinances and provincial laws.
Subsequently, since the decade of 2010, democratic innovations started to address other types of social rights. For instance, cultural themes; minority recognition policies; social, cultural and political inclusion of traditionally excluded groups; and citizen security. These innovations were being driven mainly by the national government and regional and local governments aligned at that time. In other cities and regions, where government parties followed a different political line, the growth of initiatives aimed at strengthening digital governance, transparency in management and election periods, and the development of online management tools that provide spaces for dialogue between governments and citizens.
In this context, both the assemblies, deliberative and participatory spaces for the formulation of policies, proposals, bills and collegial-consultative bodies represent an important sector of the democratic innovations implemented in Argentina. Some of these bodies belong to institutional structures created by the government of Cristina Fernández de Kirchner and play the role of accompanying the implementation of national policies at the local and provincial level.
There are also numerous cases of co-management of resources between the state and the civil society, mainly in housing, land ownership and rural production and development.
In addition, the numerous citizen initiatives for monitoring, developed in many cases by civil society groups or organizations or by independent efforts, have culminated in the production of various web platforms and mobile phone apps. These tools aim to control compliance with public policies, mapping situations of insecurity and controlling corruption and compliance with electoral regulations.
This graph indicates the percentage of each means of innovation adopted by all cases in the country. Each case draws on one (primary) or two (secondary) means of innovation; this graph reflects both. See our concepts page for a description of all four means of innovation.
This graph indicates the percentage of each end of innovation adopted by all cases in the country. Each case draws on one or more ends of innovation (up to five); this graph reflects all of them. See our concepts page for a description of all five ends of innovation.
Roads of the Villa
Roads of the Villa is a platform that allows the public to carry out the monitoring of public works in neighborhoods of Buenos Aires, in order to make visible irregularities ...Read more
Neighborhood Improvement Program (PROMEBA)
The Neighborhood Improvement Program (PROMEBA) seeks to improve the quality of life through the social integration and urban inclusion of economically disadvantaged sectors. It is a program that at the ...Read more
The DemocracyOS software is an online platform that allows the deliberation and voting of political proposals. It is adapted to different formats, both in an online website and a downloadable ...Read more
Participatory Community Management Program "Pro Communa"
Within the framework of the Program for Decentralization and Modernization of the Government of the City of Buenos Aires, the Participatory Community Management Program "Pro Comuna" was developed, which sought ...Read more
Participatory Budget of La Plata (Multichannel)
The Participatory Budget of the city of La Plata is conceived as a form of direct participation for the establishment of government priorities, which consists of a system that allows ...Read more