The Plebiscite is a mechanism recognized in Article 331 of the Constitution that is intended to be the last stage prior to the approval or rejection of a constitutional reform. This tool is only used for decisions related to constitutional reforms. Citizens may present reform projects which, if accepted by the National Assembly, must be submitted to a plebiscite decision. Likewise, the National Assembly has the power to submit any constitutional reform to plebiscite.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- democratic innovation yields a binding decision