National Council for the Promotion of Racial Equality
The National Council for the Promotion of Racial Equality is a collegial body which is advisory in character and an integral part of the basic structure of the Special Secretariat of Policies for the Promotion of Racial Equality. The council was created on May 23rd, 2003, was regulated that same year, and suffered a few alterations in 2008. Its purpose is to propose national policies to promote racial equality, with an emphasis on the African American population and other ethnic segments of the Brazilian population. It aims to tackle racism, prejudice and racial discrimination and reduce racial inequalities in economic and financial, social, political and cultural rights. The council is an instance of representation and participation of the civil society that takes part in the formulation and monitoring of public policies, and a space where social control over actions implemented by the government can be exerted. Currently, the council is comprised of 44 members, with 22 representatives from the federal government, 19 representatives of organizations of civil society and three well-known figures in the field of racial relations.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision