Regional Peace Councils
The Regional Peace Councils are agencies at the departmental and municipal level which, in collaboration with the National Peace Council, are intended to promote the achievement and maintenance of peace, with the power to advise the National Government on these issues. These councils expressly seek the inclusion and participation of civil society, establishing integration and constant collaboration between private entities and state bodies, so that political alternatives for negotiation in the armed conflict are built, and in this way can reaffirm social relations that ensure permanent peace. At the Council's axis is the Peace Policy, which is available to the government in which it is implemented. Its origin began in 1998 along with the creation of the National Peace Council and the peace policy. However, the law only indicates that these can be voluntarily created by the initiative of the Governors in the case of the departments, or of the Mayors in the case of the municipalities; i.e. through the Departmental Assemblies or the Municipal Councils, with functions and composition analogous to those of the National Peace Council. Taking into account the above, the composition of this Council should at least include representatives of the District or Municipal Government and civil society representatives of business associations, black communities, indigenous peoples, and rural poor, as well as representatives of the Catholic Church and other religious denominations, officers and representatives of the military in retreat; representatives of universities, human rights defenders, and individuals demobilized and displaced by violence.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision