Digital Plebiscite for Colombia

The Digital Plebiscite for Colombia is a platform in which Colombian citizens can symbolically vote online to approve or reject the "Final Agreement for the Termination of the Conflict and the Construction of a Stable and Durable Peace", negotiated and signed between the National Government and the FARC, the largest guerrilla group in Colombia, after 52 years of internal armed conflict. The Digital Plebiscite takes place within the framework of the national plebiscite at the polls convened by the President of Colombia, Juan Manuel Santos, on October 2, 2016. It is an initiative that symbolically seeks to ensure that Colombians who cannot vote in the ballot boxes, either because they are abroad or for other reasons, have the possibility of having their voices heard when voting online. The initiative was created and supported by different civil society organizations as a means to promote an open and online participatory democracy, but it has no power to influence the results of voting at the polls.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

not backed by constitution nor legislation, nor by any governmental policy or program 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
democratic innovation yields no decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation


How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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