Costa Rica

Permanent Forum on the Migrant and Refugee Population

The Permanent Forum on the Migrant and Refugee Population is a body developed since late 1995, in which the Office of the Ombudsman influences the Technical Secretariat. This forum is characterized by being an inter-institutional, intersectorial and multidisciplinary space composed of state institutions, government institutions, civil society organizations, international organizations and academic institutions whose mandate, competencies and interest are related to the theme of migration. The initiative is carried out as a permanent model of organized work and the convergence of different social and institutional actors that analyze and generate comprehensive proposals on migration issues. The Permanent Forum on the Migrant and Refugee Population is a unique and permanent forum involving approximately 65 people representing various organizations.

Institutional design


Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?

Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?

Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?

Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?

Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?

Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?

only backed by a governmental program or policy 
Mode of selection of participants
Type of participants
citizens civil society private stakeholders  
democratic innovation yields no decision  


  • Deliberation
  • Direct Voting
  • E-Participation
  • Citizen Representation


  • Accountability
  • Responsiveness
  • Rule of Law
  • Political Inclusion
  • Social Equality

Policy cycle

Agenda setting
Formulation and decision-making
Policy Evaluation


How to quote

Do you want to use the data from this website? Here’s how to cite:

Pogrebinschi, Thamy. (2017). LATINNO Dataset. Berlin: WZB.

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