Water Management Boards
The Water Management Boards are community-based bodies for water and sanitation management in rural or semi-urban areas. They arose because of deficiencies in the provision of water service in the most disadvantaged areas and lacking infrastructure in El Salvador. Its objective is to increase participation and thereby control the leveling of tariffs to make the distribution of water more suitable and efficient for this population. Its model has been replicated throughout the country in different municipalities, and even is administered in cooperation with local governments. Its organization is made up of representatives of the community and other participatory entities such as municipal associations or local development committees.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a binding decision