The Integrity Observatory (span. Observatorio de Integridad) is an initiative promoted by several institutions, including the Pontifical Catholic University of Peru, the Universidad del Pacífico, and NGOs “Transparencia” and “Proética” (the Peruvian Chapter from Transparency International). With the goal of protecting and promoting democratic values, the observatory was created after a formal recommendation, in 2017, from the Presidential Commission for Integrity that requested civil society organizations to create an oversight body to monitor the implementation of anti-corruption policies. Their main aim is to follow, analyze, and evaluate the initiatives implemented by the Peruvian governmental authorities to promote integrity and transparency and to counteract corruption. This oversight body publishes policy recommendations and proposals to increase and reinforce transparency, and to adopt anti-corruption measures in the different government levels as well as in the Judicial System.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- only backed by a governmental program or policy
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields no decision