Afro-Colombian Community Councils
The Afro-Colombian Community Councils are ethnic entities that have legal status and are made up of a black community with the function of administering the territory that the State has recognized as collective property by means of a title, in accordance with both the constitutional and national legal mandates of the legal system of each community. These councils have among their functions that of internally administering collective lands that have been awarded to them, delimiting and allocating areas within the awarded lands, ensuring the conservation and protection of collective property rights, preservation of cultural identity, the use and conservation of natural resources, and mediators and conciliators in internal conflicts. They were legally created in 1993 and regulated in 1995. The Community Council is made up of the General Assembly and the Board of the Community Council. The General Assembly is the highest authority of the Community Council and is made up of persons recognized by it, registered in the internal census and in accordance with its own legal system. The Board of the Community Council of Black Communities represents the community, maintains its archives and has functions relating to the socio-economic organization of the community.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- civil society
- democratic innovation yields a binding decision