Participatory Budget of Medellín
The Participatory Budget of Medellín emerged in 2004 looking for a solution to situations of violence and citizens' lack of trust in its institutions, and later made official with an Agreement of the Municipal Council in 2007. Thanks to this, it was incorporated in the Municipal System of Planning along with other bodies and local planning and participation tools. The Participatory budget of Medellín has the following cycle: citizens first meet in neighborhood assemblies and neighborhoods to identify problems, generate a diagnosis of Local Development Plans and select delegates; then delegates are trained and accredited so that in the next phase they can prioritize options and allocate resources. In the next phase, the decisions taken by the delegates are endorsed by the Local Action Board of each comuna and village for the Municipal Administration to include in the Annual Plan that is finally approved by the City Council to be executed the following year. Finally, the process is evaluated and the communities are accountable for the execution of the prioritized resources. The Participatory Budget of Medellín has achieved wide participation from the citizens of its neighborhoods and communes, and has changed the perceptions and behaviors of citizens in terms of appropriation of public and citizen culture and has allowed a greater incidence of civic responsibility in the definition and implementation of solutions to the problems that affect them.
Formalization: is the innovation embedded in the constitution or legislation, in an administrative act, or not formalized at all?
Frequency: how often does the innovation take place: only once, sporadically, or is it permanent or regular?
Mode of Selection of Participants: is the innovation open to all participants, access is restricted to some kind of condition, or both methods apply?
Type of participants: those who participate are individual citizens, civil society organizations, private stakeholders or a combination of those?
Decisiveness: does the innovation takes binding, non-binding or no decision at all?
Co-governance: is there involvement of the government in the process or not?
- embedded in the constitution/legislation
- Mode of selection of participants
- Type of participants
- citizens civil society
- democratic innovation yields a non-binding decision